Five Major Lettuce Varieties

Five Major Lettuce Varieties

This week, The Juice takes a look at the different lettuce varieties.

Lettuce has two major categories: leaf lettuce and head lettuce. Leaf lettuce has upright, elongated leaves while head lettuce has round, folded leaves. Lettuce contains Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and iron. Lettuce is also a good source for hydration as lettuce is made up of ninety-five percent water. The nutrition value varies among the lettuce varieties, but overall they are all low in calories and high in nutrition. Lettuce us know what your favorite is!


Romaine Lettuce


Romaine lettuce is otherwise known as cos lettuce in the UK. It has an elongated, almost loaf-like shape with dark-green outer leaves that ripple along the edges. The leaves are tightly packed with thick white ribs. The center leaves fade to lighter shades of green and yellow. Romaine lettuce is refreshingly crisp with a slightly bitter taste. Usually, the outer leaves are tougher and more bitter, that is why romaine hearts have come into popularity. It is a popular ingredient for salads, wraps, and sandwiches. Remarkably, a must-have and main component in Caesar salads.


Red Leaf Lettuce


Red leaf lettuce as the name suggested, is a leafy lettuce. It has a small, narrow base that fans out to a wide, curly loose top. The leaves are pale green with burgundy red tinge tips. Red leaf lettuce has an earthy taste with subtle notes of hazelnut that is crisp and refreshing. Mature leaves may have a more semi-bitter flavor compared to less mature leaves. Red leaf lettuce is more fragile than green leaf lettuce; especially, the tinge edges of the leaves which perish fairly quickly. Try to use the red leaf as soon as possible. Red leaf lettuce is great for salads, wraps, and sandwiches. Red leaf lettuce is notably trendy with fresh fruits and tangy dressings.


Green Leaf Lettuce


Green leaf lettuce is leafy lettuce with an elongated shape and a slim and small base. The curly leaves are loosely bunched and fans out to a wide top. The leaves are pale green fading to lighter shades of green towards the center. Green leaf lettuce is crisp sweet with a semi-bitter mix. Mature leaves may taste more bitter than less mature leaves. In comparison to the red leaf lettuce, the green leaf lettuce has a crisp texture and more crunch. The green leaf lettuce is best suited for sandwiches, wraps, and salads. Green leaf lettuce pairs well with cucumber and avocado.


Iceberg Lettuce


Iceberg lettuce goes by the name of crisphead lettuce due to its shape and texture. It is head lettuce, meaning it grows in a ball rather than leafy form. Iceberg lettuce is known for its comparatively small and densely packed heads. The outer leaves are bright green, while the inner leaves and hearts are light green to yellow and sometimes even white. Iceberg lettuce is the crunchiest lettuce with high water content and a mild, sweet flavor. Suitable for salads, sandwiches, and wraps. The natural curve of the iceberg lettuce comes in handy for lettuce wraps. It also goes well with heavy dressings.


Boston Lettuce


Boston lettuce is also called bibb lettuce or butterhead lettuce. It is open head lettuce with soft, wavy leaves growing in a head shape rather than leafy form. The outer leaves are pale green while the inner leaves have a yellowish hue. Boston lettuce has a delicate, mild flavor and a soft, buttery texture. The delicate leaves easily bruised and wilted quickly. Boston lettuce is a popular ingredient for salads, wraps, and sandwiches. Boston lettuce is beloved as lettuce wraps with crunchy ingredients.



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